6 Yoga Kriyas for complete purification (2023)

6 Yoga Kriyas for complete purification (1)

Kriyas is a much-requested subject from our Samyak Yoga Alumni Community. The 6 Yoga Kriyas (Six Cleansing Techniques) are known as Shat Kriya or Shat Karma as outlined in the Hatha Yoga Pradipika. There are six types of Yoga Kriyas for complete purification.

As the same suggests, 6 Yoga Kriyas are preliminary purification techniques that are excellent immunity boosters.

There are six kriyas & their purpose is to remove impurities, flush out toxins & prepare the body for the flow of vital energy or ‘Prana’.

Our internal organs comprise 11 effective systems, i.e. circulatory, respiratory, digestive, excretory, nervous, and endocrine.

Cleansing these organs is vital to make sure the body & mind is healthy, calm & disease-free.

Essentially kriyas can be defined as the building blocks of our yoga journey as they help create a heightened sense of awareness beyond the physical level.

These Kriyas are essential preparations, and we practice them before any pranayama, asana, mudra or meditation.

(Video) Shatkarma - 6 Hatha Yoga Kriyas for purification

The six kriyas help completely detoxify the alimentary canal, starting from the mouth to the anus.

The Shat Kriyas described in Hatha Yoga include:

धौतिर्वस्तिस्तथा नेतिस्त्राटकं नौलिकं तथा।

कपालभातिश्चैतानि षट्कर्माणि प्रचक्षते ।। २.२२।।

  1. Dhauti – cleansing of the mouth & food pipe

  2. Basti – Cleansing of the large intestine (lower abdomen)

  3. Neti – cleansing of the nasal passages

  4. Nauli – Strengthening of the abdominal organs

  5. Trataka – purification of the eyes

  6. Kapalbhati –Cleansing of the frontal area of the brain

1. Dhauti Kriya

In Sanskrit, Dhauti means ‘washing’ In this process, water is consumed to total capacity, letting the impurities flush out from the food pipe by vomiting.

Dhauti Kriya helps the internal organs to work efficiently and removes excess mucus from the stomach.

Moreover, consistent practice of Kriyas balances the body's Kapha, Pitta & Vata doshas.

Some standard dhauti practices include:

(Video) Shat Karma Kriya - 6 ways of Purification

Vamana Dhauti –Consuming a large quantity of lukewarm water and then vomiting it out to expel impurities from the food pipe.

Vastra Dhauti – A clean muslin cloth soaked in lukewarm water is swallowed and held in the stomach for a few minutes. Then it’s pulled out from the mouth, which brings along impurities from the intestinal tract.

Other techniques are Danta dhauti (teeth washing),Jihva Dhauti(tongue scraping) andKarna Dhauti (ear cleansing).

2. Basti Kriya

It is a technique that involves replenishing the body internally by cleansing the large intestines.

Basti is practised by sucking in water or air through the anus. Basti means “To Hold” and refers to the urinary bladder.

This technique helps treat disorders related to digestion, elimination & flatulence. Jala Basti is one of the common practices among all the types of basti.

Jala Basti – Traditionally, this was practised squatting in a river. “Jala” means water. In this cleansing technique, water is used to clean the bowels.

The process involves taking a tub of water until the navel and sitting over it in Utkatasana.

  1. Lean forward resting the hands on the knees.

  2. Suck the water via the anus into the large intestines.

  3. Exhale & perform Uddiyana bandha & Nauli kriya (abdominal cleanse) to create a vacuum-like suction. It draws the water into the lower abdomen & contracts the abdominal muscles.

  4. Stand up, holding the water inside the bowel for between 5 and 30 minutes.

    (Video) Shatkarma An Introduction l What are the 6 kriyas Purification Techniques in Hatha Yoga l Shatkriyas

  5. Exhale & expel the water through the anus.

  6. The above steps complete one full round. You can repeat it until the bowels are completely cleansed.

DISCLAIMER – Since this is an advanced kriya, please practice this under the watchful guidance of a teacher. This is followed up by Savasana & mudra sequences to expel any remaining water or air.

3. Neti Kriya

Purifies nasal cavities from accumulated impurities. It is very important to clear the nasal cavities as it is the pathway to ‘Prana’ or vital energy. This kriya is done using a clean neti pot.

Neti is of 2 types –

a. Jala Neti – Jala (water) is used as a cleaning tool to remove the impurities from the nostrils.

Using the neti pot, water is poured in through one nostril & then, under the effect of gravity, it is expelled out through the other nostril.

Water that comes out from other nostrils removes impurities from nasal pathways.

b. Sutra Neti – In this neti, a rubber thread (sutra) is used to massage the nasal pathways to open any blockages in the nostrils.

4. Trataka Kriya

Trataka Kriya is one of the easiest & effective eye cleansing techniques that involve steady & continuous gazing at any external or internal unmoving point. An illuminated candle at eye level works best.

Consistent and correct practice increases concentration power and purifies the mind from fluctuated thought patterns.

  1. Internal Tratakais when the focus is rested on theThird eye(located between eyebrows). This helps to awaken the third eye or the 6th chakra – Ajna chakra.

    (Video) Shat Karma Kriya: Six cleansing techniques in Hata Yoga

  2. External Trataka is the practice of continuously gazing at an external object over time. E.g., the illuminated candle is at eye level.

5. Nauli Kriya

It is an abdominal cleansing kriya that involves the movement of the lower abdominal muscles to stimulate the digestive fire.

It is a necessary kriya that maintains movement in all body muscles. Nauli practice provides a massaging effect & purifies the liver, spleen, urinary bladder, pancreas, gall bladder, and intestines.

When all these internal organs regularly move, the digestive system and appetite improve. It is done standing with the feet apart & knees bent.

  1. Madhya Nauli– When left and right, both sides & musclesare concentrated at the centre

  2. Vama Nauli– When both ab muscles are alignedto the left sidefrom the centre wall.

  3. Dakshina Nauli –When both ab muscles are alignedto the right sidefrom the centre wall.

6. Kapalabhati Kriya

It is the last of the six kriyas that work on improving the brain’s functioning.

Kapalabhati translates to “Skull Shining”. Often referred to as a pranayama technique, it is a cleansing kriya to improve respiratory health, energise the body & keep the mind alert.

In Kapalabhati, the abdominal wall rapidly draws in and out in conjunction with the breathing.

The inhale is passive & the exhale is active, unlike the normal breathing technique. This kriya is performed seated in a legged position.

During your 200 Hrs Yoga Teacher Training Courses at Samyak Yoga Ashram, you will be practising & learning essential kriyas such as Kapalbhati, Neti & Trataka. 300 Hour Training courses, level – 2 (advanced training) includes Sutra Neti, Vamana Dhauti etc.

(Video) ष ठ कर्म कैसे करें? Shatkarma – 6 Yoga Cleansing Techniques & Their Benefits 🤗✌🏻#youtubeindia

Kriyas are best performed under the guided supervision of a teacher.

They bring about a beautiful harmony between the body, breath & mind, enhance vitality & promote bliss.

#HathaYoga #YogaKriyas #YogaTeacherTraining


What are the 6 purification processes in yoga? ›

The six shatkarmas are neti, cleansing of the nasal passages, dhouti, cleansing of the alimentary canal, nauli, strengthening of the abdominal organs, basti, cleansing of the large intestine, kapalbhati, cleansing of the frontal area of the brain and tratak, intense gazing of a point developing concentration and ...

Which one of the following kriyas is done to purify and cleanse the stomach? ›

Nauli is an essential kriya implemented for the purification and toning of abdomen and its internal organs. This type of kriya is highly essential in simulating digestive system while cleansing it completely.

How many purification activities are there in yoga? ›

There are six purification techniques that pertain to Hatha Yoga, called Shat Karma Kriyas or Shat Karmas: Neti, Dhauti, Nauli, Basti and Shanka Prakshalana, Kapala Bhati Pranayama, Trataka.

What are the 6 yogic kriyas and what are the functions of these creators? ›

6 Yoga Kriyas for complete purification
  • Dhauti Kriya. In Sanskrit, Dhauti means 'washing' In this process, water is consumed to total capacity, letting the impurities flush out from the food pipe by vomiting. ...
  • Basti Kriya. ...
  • Neti Kriya. ...
  • Trataka Kriya. ...
  • Nauli Kriya. ...
  • Kapalabhati Kriya.
Aug 26, 2022

Which kriya is good for cleaning the eyes? ›

The technique she mentioned is none other than 'trataka', an eye-cleansing kriya, in which the practitioner needs to move their eyeballs in different directions — up, right, down, left; followed by up, left, down, right.

What are the 7 paths of yoga? ›

The Traditional Yoga Paths
  • J. Krishnamurti. – top – Bhakti Yoga. ...
  • Krishna and Radha. – top – Karma Yoga. The Bhagavad Gita is the main source of Karma Yoga. ...
  • Mahatma Gandhi. – top – Mantra Yoga. ...
  • Gayatri Mantra. – top – Raja Yoga. ...
  • Sri Ramana Maharshi. – top – Tantra Yoga. ...
  • Dumavati Yantra. – top – Hatha Yoga.

What is Shakti kriya? ›

In Hindu and yogic philosophy, kriya shakti is the power to act. Derived from Sanskrit, kriya means “action” and shakti means “intelligent energy.” Kriya shakti is one of three parts of the creative cosmic power called shakti. The other two parts are iccha shakti (willpower) and jnana shakti (the power to know).

Which asana purifies blood? ›

Eagle Pose. This pose stretches and tones your stomach muscles and is great for blood purification. Stand in Tadasana, bend both knees, lift your right foot, and slowly wrap your right thigh over your left.

What are purification of the body through yoga? ›

Hatha Yoga cleansing kriyas

Neti: nasal cleaning and irrigation. Dhauti: cleansing of the digestive tract. Nauli: abdominal massage. Basti: colon cleansing. Kapalbhati: purification and vitalization of the brain.

Which kriya cleanses the large intestine? ›

Basti Kriya (Yogic Enema): Cleansing of Intestines. Basti Kriya is a technique of replenishing the body internally by cleansing the colon completely. It is one of the six purification techniques known as shatkarma mentioned in Hatha Yoga Pradipika.

Which purification technique is best? ›

Despite its disadvantages, reverse osmosis water purification is considered the best way to remove contaminants from water. It is very effective at removing particles as small as 0.001 microns and is the preferred method of water purification for homes that use well water.

What is the best purification method? ›

Here are some of the most effective water purification methods that have stood the test of time:
  • Boiling. The simplest method to purify water is to boil it for a good time. ...
  • Water Purifier. ...
  • Reverse Osmosis. ...
  • Water Chlorination. ...
  • Distillation. ...
  • Iodine Addition. ...
  • Solar Purification. ...
  • Clay Vessel Filtration.

Which technique is used for purification? ›

Chromatography is the latest technique for the purification of organic compounds. Chromatography is of various types. Some of them are - Column chromatography, Gas chromatography, Paper chromatography, etc.

Which is the hardest type of yoga? ›

Without the support of a professional, this can sometimes go wrong. Ashtanga is considered the most difficult yoga style because you need a lot of patience and discipline.

Which yoga is the king of yoga? ›

The yoga headstand is nicknamed "king" of all the asanas. A variety of other asanas can be used to build the required upper body strength and balance. Shirshasana, alongside Sarvangasana and Padmasana, is one of the asanas most often reported as the cause of an injury.

Who is father of yoga? ›

Note: Patanjali is known as the Father of Modern Yoga. He wrote the Yoga Sutras which tell about the different theories and practices that come under the ancient Yogic Sciences. Tirumalai Krishnamacharya is also considered as the Father of Modern Yoga in different parts of India.

What are the various yogic kriyas and their purpose? ›

DHAUTI KRIYAS: Jala (water), Vamana (vomit), Vastra (cloth), Danda (stick), Dhauti Kriyas (stomach cleaning processes). VASTI KRIYA : Vasti (enema) and Shankh Prakshalan – (large intestine cleaning processes). NAULI KRIYAS : Agnisar, Uddiyan, Nauli (navel rotation processes for purifying abdominal organs).

What are the five types of Yogi kriya discuss? ›

Dhauti Kriya For The Digestive Tract

Six ways of body refinement are mentioned in the Shatkarma – Dhauti, Basti, Neti, Nauli, Trataka and Kapalabhati.

What are the Kriya Yoga techniques? ›

Seven Steps to Kriya
  1. Step 1 – The Art of Meditation: Basic Practices.
  2. Step 2 – Energy and Focusing the Mind.
  3. Step 3 – Devotion: Opening the Heart.
  4. Step 4 – Disciple to Guru Relationship.
  5. Step 5 – Expanding Your Awareness – The Aum Technique.
  6. Step 6 – Kriya Yoga Preparation.
  7. Step 7 – Kriya Initiation.

Which kriya is tongue scraping? ›

In yoga and Ayurveda (sister science of yoga ~ Ayur (life) Veda (knowledge), there are cleansing techniques called shatkarmas (shat- six, karma- action). One of these is tongue (jihva) scraping. It is advised to clean the mouth and tongue upon waking before drinking any liquids. .

Which of the following kriya is for nasal cleansing? ›

Neti is a technique to cleanse the nasal passages. It is a cleansing process related to the upper part of the respiratory system. Neti may be broadly classified into jala neti and sutra neti.

Which kriya is related to eye nose and throat? ›

Jala Dhauti or Kunjala Kriya.

What are the 4 pillars of yoga? ›

Together, we talked about the 4 pillars of yoga: Asana, Pranayama, Meditation, and Diet.

What are the 3 pillars of yoga? ›

3 Pillars: Mind, Body, Spirit.

Which is the 8 element of yoga? ›

The eight limbs of yoga are yama (abstinences), niyama (observances), asana (yoga postures), pranayama (breath control), pratyahara (withdrawal of the senses), dharana (concentration), dhyana (meditation) and samadhi (absorption)."

Is Shakti female energy? ›

The term shakti refers to multiple ideas. Its general definition is dynamic energy that is responsible for creation, maintenance, and destruction of the universe. It is identified as female energy because shakti is responsible for creation, as mothers are responsible for birth.

What is Tantric Shakti? ›

This stir, this force of love and life was revered in the ancient cultures, and especially within the Tantric Tradition. The Tantrics worship and adore 'Shakti', in Sanskrit the 'feminine power', 'force of nature' or 'energy'. Shakti is the personification of the primordial feminine energy.

What are the 3 Shaktis? ›

Jnana-Shakti is the Shakti of the mind: of thought, wisdom and intuition. Iccha-Shakti is the Shakti of our will, action and intention. Kriya-Shakti is the Shakti of manifestation, creativity, and inspiration.

Which Asana removes old age? ›

A quick yoga session followed by Shavasana is a good remedy. It improves concentration, enhancing the quality of life for the elderly. Shavasana also cures insomnia, a common chronic problem in old age.

How do I purify blood in 24 hours? ›

Cleansing your blood is a good way to naturally clear out toxins from the body and maintain optimum health.
Fantastic Foods To Cleanse Blood Of Impurities:
  1. Garlic. Raw garlic is an amazing natural remedy to cleanse your blood. ...
  2. Cilantro/Coriander Leaves. ...
  3. Beetroot. ...
  4. Turmeric. ...
  5. Cayenne Pepper. ...
  6. Lemon. ...
  7. Water.
Sep 26, 2022

Which pranayama purifies blood? ›

Nadhi Sodhana (nah-dee sho-doh-nah) is a well-known pranayama practice that is said to purify your blood, calm your mind, and reduce mental tension.

What are the three types of purification? ›

Purification from physical impurities entails:
  • purification of the place of prayer.
  • purification of clothes.
  • purification of the body.

What are the four major methods of purification? ›

When reverse osmosis is not available, there are 4 water purification methods that you can use to make your water safe for drinking.
  • 1 – Boiling. Boiling water is the cheapest and safest method of water purification. ...
  • 2 – Filtration. ...
  • 3 – Distillation. ...
  • 4 – Chlorination.

How many types of purification are there? ›

The common methods of purification comprise distillation, crystallization, extraction, chromatographic, electrophoresis and other methods. In some cases, volatile and other impurities can be removed simply by heating.

Which kriya increases digestive fire? ›

Agnisara Kriya

Agnisara activates the digestive fire, strengthens the abdominal muscles, and is closely tied to manipura or third chakra.

Which prana helps in urination? ›

While prana vayu governs the intake functions, apana, which is most active in the pelvis and lower abdomen, governs the eliminative functions (excretion, urination, menstruation) and the downward and outward flow of energy in the body.

What are the 5 separation techniques? ›

The Different Types of Separation Techniques
  • Handpicking.
  • Threshing.
  • Winnowing.
  • Sieving.
  • Sedimentation.
  • Decantation.
  • Filtration.
  • Evaporation.

What are two types of purification? ›

There are three methods of water purification: reverse osmosis (RO), distillation, and ultraviolet (UV).

What are the types of self purification? ›

Some of the major physical processes in self purification of natural water systems are as follows: (i) Dilution (ii) Sedimentation and Re-suspension (iii) Filtration (iv) Gas Transfer.

What are the six main purification techniques? ›

The general methods of purification are:
  • Sublimation.
  • Crystallisation.
  • Distillation.
  • Differential Extraction.
  • Chromatography.
Oct 16, 2019

What is the first step of purification? ›

The first step in that process is screening, which removes large debris such as sticks and trash from the water to be treated. Screening is generally used when purifying surface water such as that from lakes and rivers. Surface water presents a greater risk of having been polluted with large amounts of contaminants.

What are the 6 steps in water treatment? ›

They typically consist of several steps in the treatment process. These include: (1) Collection ; (2) Screening and Straining ; (3) Chemical Addition ; (4) Coagulation and Flocculation ; (5) Sedimentation and Clarification ; (6) Filtration ; (7) Disinfection ; (8) Storage ; (9) and finally Distribution.

What is the name of the process of purification in yoga? ›

“Shatkarma “or “Shatkriyas” refer to ancient yoga cleansing techniques. These techniques were developed by ancient yogis not only for health purposes but also to reach higher states of meditation. There are 6 main groups of cleansing practices: Neti, Dhauti, Basti, Nauli, Kapalbhati and Trataka.

What are the purification processes? ›

There are several methods used in the water purification process, which include: (1) physical processes, such as filtration, sedimentation, or distillation; (2) biological processes, such as sand filters, active carbon; (3) chemical processes, such as flocculation, chlorination, the use of ultraviolet light.

How many types of purification process are there? ›

The common methods of purification comprise distillation, crystallization, extraction, chromatographic, electrophoresis and other methods. In some cases, volatile and other impurities can be removed simply by heating.

What are the 7 kriyas? ›

Seven Steps to Kriya
  • Step 1 – The Art of Meditation: Basic Practices.
  • Step 2 – Energy and Focusing the Mind.
  • Step 3 – Devotion: Opening the Heart.
  • Step 4 – Disciple to Guru Relationship.
  • Step 5 – Expanding Your Awareness – The Aum Technique.
  • Step 6 – Kriya Yoga Preparation.
  • Step 7 – Kriya Initiation.

What are the four steps of purification? ›

Public water systems often use a series of water treatment steps that include coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, and disinfection.

Which exercise is needed for purification of mind? ›

Meditation is another form of 'Yoga' which means “Dhyana”. Meditation is the best practice to come closer to the self and self- care. Many people keep saying that even doing meditation doesn't affect their stressful minds. But I would say it will have a deep healing effect on your mind if done rightly.


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